September 1, 2006
The future of fuel.The biofuel buzz is spreading across Latin America as the continent searches for cheap, environmentally friendly fuels. Brazil paved the way, creating a state program in the 1970s to produce ethanol from sugar cane as a fuel supplement. In addition to sugar, ethanol can be made from beets or cereals such as corn. Brazil expects to produce 840 million liters of biodiesel by the end of next year, and by 2013, it will require motorists to use at least a 5% biofuels blend in their engines. Some 17% of cars in Brazil run on ethanol, either wholly or mixed with 75% gasoline, and 70% of new cars sold there have "flexible" engines that can run on either fuel, according t
Pioneered by Brazil, green gasoline initiatives are gaining ground even in major oil-producing nations like Mexico and Venezuela.