Reassembling a Financial System

Reassembling a Financial System

Argentina

When Argentina collapsed in late 2001, many Argentines who had sent their money to Montevideo for safekeeping began pulling their money out of Uruguay's banks. The deposit base of Uruguay's banks soon fell by almost half to $7 billion. The banking sector, comprised mostly of government banks, was already suffering huge losses brought on by an extended recession and a declining peso. As the central bank deployed more and more of its reserves last year to prop up failing banks, crisis ensued. Confronted with a liquidity crunch that threatened to force the country into default, the Central Bank ordered a week-long bank holiday

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