Colombia¹s banks have been on a roll for the past two years, but they face stiff competition from abroad. The country¹s robust growth has buoyed the banking sector and fuelled a diversification of banking activities and lending a development not lost on foreign institutions eyeing the market.
Canada¹s Scotia Bank bought control of Colpatria for $1 billion, and Chile¹s Corpbanca has taken Santander Colombia for $1.23 billion and Helm Bank, if completed, for $1.28 billion.
Though these moves make headlines, they are still far from shaking up the regional pecking order, where Bancolombia and Banco de Bogotá sit on the top. Colombia¹s Banco Davivienda, the system¹s third-largest has been steadily growing to diversify its lending away from mortgages, under the watch of its president, Efrain Ferero.
The bank has now has become a regional player following its agreement this year to acquire HSBC¹s operations in El Salvador, Honduras and Costa Rica for $801 million a change in strategy that reflects a strengthening of its position at home. ³This acquisition was a surprise because they¹ve never gone outside the country,² says Felipe Carvallo, an analyst at Moody¹s.
A diversified bank with a 50% commercial lending footprint and the rest split between mortgage and consumer products. Banco Davivienda has evolved since the 1990s from being a mortgage finance company, to achieve a balance sheet for which corporate lending has become increasingly important.
Commercial and mortgage loans have played a large role in recent portfolio growth, with the net portfolio at $25.9 trillion pesos ($14.4 billion), up 18.2% from the year before.
Net income for the first quarter of 2012 was $215 billion pesos, up 9.9% compared to the fourth quarter last year and 25.5% versus the same quarter in 2011. Its SME segment also grew 24% compared to the year before. Its housing portfolio grew some 23% to $4.4 trillion pesos, inclusive of housing leasing.
Davivienda will need to maintain its growth in diverse business areas to keep pace with both foreign and domestic competitors.
As with other large Colombian banks, Davivienda enjoys diverse access to funding. While local mortgage securitization is part of its way of life, Davivienda tapped the international bond markets for the first time this June. Its $500 million 2022 issue attracted some six times demand. The sale followed a $400 billion peso subordinated domestic bond issuance, and was preceded by a $500 million peso domestic sale. LF